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Biography Teuku Umar
Teuku Umar. He was born in 1854 (the date and the month is not recorded) in Meulaboh, West Aceh, Indonesia. He is a national hero who had led the guerrilla war in Aceh since 1873 until 1899. Grandpa Uma is Minangkabau descent, namely Datuk Makdum Sati ever credited to the Sultan of Aceh. Datuk Makdum Sati had two sons, namely Nantan Faithful and Ahmad Mahmud. Teuku Ahmad Mahmud is the father of Teuku Umar.
When war broke out in 1873 aceh Teuku Umar participate struggling with other Acehnese fighters, although he was only menginjak19 year. At first he struggled in the village itself and then dilanjukan to West Aceh. At this age, Teuku Umar has also been appointed as keuchik (village head) in the Power Meulaboh.
Teuku Umar personality since childhood is known as a smart, brave, and sometimes liked fighting with peers. He also possesses a hard and unyielding in the face of all the problems. Teuku Umar was never assigned the formal education. However, he is capable of being a strong leader, intelligent, and courageous.
Teuku Umar Marriage is not all done. When he was the age of 20 years old, married to Teuku Umar With Nyak Sofiah, children uleebalang Glumpang. To increase the degree itself, Teuku Umar and then married again with Nyak Malighai, daughter of Commander Sagi Mukim XXV. Since that time, he began using his Teuku. In 1880, married the widow Teuku Umar With Cut Nyak Dien, daughter of his uncle. Actually Cut Nyak Dien already has a husband (Teuku Ibrahim Lamnga) but had died in June 1978 in the war against the Dutch in the GLE Tarun. After that, Cut Nyak Dien meets and falls in love with Uma. Both then struggled with launching attacks on Dutch posts in Krueng. The result is a marriage of two girls named Cut Xylophone who was born in the camp because their parents are struggling in the battlefield.
Dutch troops had come to terms with Teuku Umar in 1883. One year later (in 1884) war broke out again between the two. In 1893, Uma and then search for a strategy on how he can get weapons from the enemy (the Netherlands). Finally, Teuku Umar pretending to be a stooge (accomplice) Dutch. His wife, Cut Nyak Dien ever got confused, embarrassed, and angry over her husband's decision. Governor Van Teijn at that time also intend to use the Teuku Umar as a way to win the hearts of the people of Aceh. Teuku Umar then entered military service. The involvement, on January 1, 1894, Uma was awarded the title of Hero of Johan and allowed to form its own army legium totaling 250 troops with weapons.
When joined with the Dutch, Teuku Umar was never subdue Aceh defense outposts. The war was conducted by Teuku Umar pretend. Because, before Teuku Umar has notified in advance to the fighters in Aceh. As compensation for his success, Uma requests to add 17 people commanders and 120 soldiers, including a Pangleot as his right hand finally granted by Governor Deykerhorf who replaced Governor Ban Teijn.
On March 30, 1896, Teuku Umar and then get out of military service with the Dutch troops and their 800 guns, 25,000 bullets, 500 kg of ammunition, and 18 000 dollars cash. With the growing strength, Teuku Umar along with 15 people turning back to defend the people of Aceh. Tactics and strategies are very astute war were intended to fool the Dutch forces at that time were very strong and very difficult to overcome. At the time, the struggle Teuku Umar supported Teuku Polem Commander Muhammad Daud who was with 400 people involved face the Dutch attack. In the battle, as many as 25 people were killed and 190 people injured in the Netherlands.
Governor Deykerhorf feel hurt by the tactics undertaken Teuku Umar. Van Heutsz ordered to deploy massive force to capture Teuku Umar. Sudden attack to the Melaboh causing Teuku Umar was shot and killed on the battlefield, namely in Kampung Mugo, inland tanggal10 Meulaboh on February 1899.
Since childhood, Teuku Umar actually have thoughts that are often difficult to understand by his friends. When growing up was thinking also remains elusive. As has been reviewed above that Teuku Umar tactics that pretend to be henchmen Netherlands is a form of "complexity" of thought in itself. Various commentators appear to understand Teuku Umar thinking about tactics such pretense. However, it is certain that the tactics and strategies are valued very telling in the face of the onslaught of Dutch colonial troops and weapons that have very complete. Teuku Umar "negative way" one should not be done so long as to achieve "positive goal". If traced in the context of contemporary thought, thinking it sounds closer to communism which also justifies any means. Teuku Umar fighting spirit in the face of Dutch colonialism, which in turn encourages such thinking.
Teuku Umar's work can be a success in the face of the enemy himself. For example, on June 14, 1886, Teuku Umar CENTON Hok had attacked the ship, owned by the Dutch. The ship was successfully controlled forces Teuku Umar. Ship captain, Hans (from Denmark) killed and handed over to the Dutch ship ransom of 25,000 ringgit. Courage is greatly admired by the people of Aceh. Other work is a form of Teuku Umar success when getting a lot of weapons as a result of his betrayal of the Netherlands.
Based on Presidential Decree. 087/TK/1973 dated 6 November 1973, Teuku Umar was awarded the title of National Hero. Teuku Umar name is also immortalized as the name of the street in some areas in the country, one of which was the famous located in Menteng, Central Jakarta. In addition, the name is also immortalized as the name of a field in Meulaboh, West Aceh.