Senin, 25 Maret 2013

Biografi Andi Sultan Daeng Radja Versi Bahasa Inggris ( Biography Andi Sultan Daeng Radja English Version )

Haji Andi Sultan Daeng Radja (born in Matekko, Gantarang, May 20, 1894 - died at the Hospital Pelamonia Makassar, South Sulawesi, May 17, 1963 at the age of 68 years) is an Indonesian independence leader and national hero of South Sulawesi. He is the couple's first son Passari Petta Tanra Karaeng Gantarang and Andi Ninong. As a young man, Sultan Daeng Radja known pious and active in Muhamamadiyah. He is a founder of the Old Mosque in Ponre the greatest of his time in South Sulawesi.In 1902, Sultan Daeng Radja Volksschool school (Primary school) three years in Bulukumba. Graduated from Volksschool, he continued his education to Europeesche Lagere School (ELS) in Bantaeng. Completed his education at ELS, Sultan Daeng Radja continued his education at the School Voor Opleiding Inlandsche Ambtenaren (OSVIA) in Makassar.After completing his education in OSVIA in 1913, Sultan Daeng Radja that time, 20-year-old was named a government office clerks Onder Afdeeling Makassar. Bebeberapa months later, he was appointed as a candidate attorney and Inl of Justitie conjunct in Makassar. Dated January 7, 1915 Eurp Klerk appointed the Office of the Assistant Resident Bone in Pompanua.Subsequently, he moved again to the Office Controleur Sinjai as Klerk. From Sinjai Takalar and got assigned to the vice chief tax. Later assigned to the position of head Enrekang taxes. In 1918, he was assigned as Assistant Besteur Inlandsche in Campalagian, Mandar.On 2 April 1921, the government issued a decree lifting the Sultan Daeng Radja be acting Hadat District Gantarang replacing Andy Malette Mappamadeng Daeng who resigned because he could not work anymore with the Dutch colonial government. Andi Mappamadeng such resignation is still a matter of controversy, because Andi Mappamadeng Daeng Malette is a cousin of one of the Sultan Daeng Radja. At that time also, Sultan Daeng Radja got the confidence to be an employee at the office of the District Court (Landraad) Bulukumba.The return of Andi Sultan Daeng Radja to Bulukumba, pushing Gantarang Hadat Council (Indigenous Duapulua) held a meeting to choose candidates chiefs. The meeting was then decided Andi Sultan Daeng Radja into Regen (Chief Custom) Gantarang. The Department was entrusted to the Dutch government expressed its recognition of the sovereignty of the Republic of Indonesia.In 1930, Andi Sultan Daeng Radja got the honor of being the prosecutor in Landraad Bulukumba. After the proclamation of Independence August 17, 1945, accusing the government NICA Andi Sultan Daeng Radja involved in the struggle for the independence of Indonesia so that he no longer used as a government.NICA subsequently arrested and exiled Sultan Daeng Radja to Manado, North Sulawesi. Dated January 8, 1950, after the Round Table Conference (RTC) and the recognition of Dutch sovereignty by the Government of Indonesia, Sultan Daeng Radja later released by Dutch and returned to Bulukumba. On July 1, 1950 Andi Sultan Daeng Radja resigned his position as Head of Indigenous Gantarang and was succeeded by his son Sultan Andi Andi Sappewali.After retiring from his position as head Gantarang Indigenous Affairs Minister Decision Letter dated June 11, 1951 appointed him regent in South Sulawesi governor's office. On 4 April 1955, he was assigned as the District Regional Bantaeng and appointed civil servants remain.In 1956, Sultan Daeng Radja was appointed Governor of South Sulawesi resident assigned to fit the president's decision. A year later he was appointed a Member of the Constituent Assembly. Andi Sultan Daeng Radja died on May 17, 1963 in Makassar Pelamonia Hospital at the age of 70 years. During his life, Andi Sultan Daeng Radja had four wives and 13 children.History of Struggle Andi Sultan Daeng RadjaAndi Sultan Daeng Radja struggle against Dutch colonial rule started since I was a student at the School Voor Opdeling Indlandsche Ambtenar (OSVIA) in Makassar. Dislikes Sultan Daeng Radja against colonial rule triggered by the tyranny and oppression of the Dutch government to the people Bulukumba.Zeal to defend the people and the nation of Indonesia inscribed in the soul of Sultan Daeng Radja, the flared when he actively participated in the development and growth of national organizations that emerged in Java. As Budi Utomo and Islamic Trade Unions was established as a forum for the struggle against Dutch colonial rule.Sultan Daeng Radja spirit to liberate his people from colonialism, making him secretly followed the youth congress Indonesia October 28, 1928, known as the Youth Pledge. After following the congress, Sultan Daeng Radja's determination to expel the burning of the Dutch colonial Indonesia.Together with Dr Ratulangi and Andi Pangerang Pettarani, Andi Sultan Daeng Radja was sent as a representative of South Sulawesi following the meeting of the Preparatory Committee for Indonesian Independence (PPKI) in Jakarta. PPKI is a body that works to prepare the independence of the Republic of Indonesia on August 17, 1945.After a meeting PPKI, Sultan Daeng Radja, immediately return to Bulukumba to give an explanation to the people about the meeting PPKI and plan in order to follow the historic persitiwa independence of Indonesia. News of the independence of Indonesia conveyed Sultan Daeng Radja, compassion and joy was welcomed by all the people Bulukumba.Late in August 1945, Sultan Daeng Radja proposed the establishment of an organization of Indonesian National Unity Movement (PPNI). This organization, led by Andi Panamun and Abdul Karim. PPNI formed as a place young people gather in order to secure and defend the State of Indonesia.A few days after the independence of Indonesia August 17, 1945, Allied troops landed in Indonesia, including Bulukumba. The presence of the allies, the Dutch army diboncengi complete with so-called civilian government Nederlands Indisch Civil Administration (NICA). The presence of NICA as well as the presence of Japanese troops, to colonize Indonesia.Andi lunge Sultan Daeng Radja before Indonesia's independence and after independence in fighting for the independence of Indonesia, apparently alarmed the NICA. Moreover, Sultan Daeng Radja states are not willing to cooperate with NICA. Dated December 2, 1945 NICA catch Andi Sultan Daeng Radja at his residence, Kampung Kasuara, Gantarang.Andi Sultan Daeng Radja then taken to Makassar to hold. The colonial government hopes will capture the Sultan Daeng Radja Bulukumba deadly uprising. But the opposite happened. His arrest further arouse people's resistance against the NICA Bulukumba.The fighters Bulukumba, then formed an armed resistance organization called the People's Army rebels Bulukumba Force (PBAR) led by Andi Syamsuddin. In organizations PBAR, Andi Sultan Daeng Radja seated as Mr. Court. Although incarcerated, all activities are monitored by PBAR Sultan Daeng Radja. Through family to visit him, Sultan Daeng Radja PBAR Army commanded.After five years in prison in Makassar, on March 17, 1949, the colonial court later tried and sentenced Sultan Daeng Radja with penalties exile to Manado, North Sulawesi until January 8, 1950.Andi Sultan Daeng Radja struggle against colonialism in Indonesia, finally got a high appreciation of the Government of Indonesia. Under Presidential Decree No.. 085/TK/Tahun 2006 dated 3 November 2006, the President bestowed the title of Honorary National Hero and Star Signs Adipradana Mahaputera to Andi Sultan Daeng Radja, at the State Palace on 9 November 2006

0 komentar:

Posting Komentar